Aim of this section is to learn the demonstrative pronous and their use in the four cases.
Ich möchte dieses Auto haben.
I'd like to have this car.
The purpose of demonstrative pronouns
The purpose of demonstrative pronouns is easy to understand and no big deal.
They precede a noun (like an article) with the special feature that you point out verbally
somebody or something by using them.
Difference between "dieser" and "jener"
In English we distinguish between "this" and "that" (singular) and "these" and "those" (plural).
"This" and "these" is used for people/things which are close to the speaker.
"That" and "those" is used for people/things which aren't close to the speaker.
In German we don't make a difference like this. Hardly anybody uses the word "jener".
That's why I suggest we leave out "jener" for now and you keep in mind that, basically,
it means the same as "dieser".
The problem - endings
The real problem are the endings of demonstrative pronouns.
They depend on the gender, numerus and case of the noun.
To choose the correct ending you need exactly the same rules which we already used in Adjektivendungen.
Ich liebe dieses Spiel. (I love this game.)
If you look for singular, neuter, accusative you'll find the ending "es". So it must be "dieses Spiel".
"declension" of the demonstrative pronoun: dies-
"declension" of the demonstrative pronoun: jen-
If you carefully check the tables you can see that in a few situations (singular, genitive, male + neuter and plural, dative)
not just the ending of "dies-" change but the noun gets an additional ending, too.
For the endings in the genitive case please check the theory part 4 Fälle on page 11.
The rule for the ending in the dative case is:
summary - documents for your folder
Demonstrativpronomen (theory, 2 pages)