Toms Deutschseite is dedicated to my dear wife Catherine Höfler.

German grammar, vocabularies, texts, pronunciation ...


Startseite Inhaltsverzeichnis Zeitplan Forum Spende

Geschlecht der Substantive

learning target

Aim of this section is to learn which noun has got which gender.



der Mann
die Frau
das Kind



There are 3 different genders in German:

  • männlich (male)
  • weiblich (female)
  • sächlich (neuter)


Each gender is indicated by an article:

  • der for male nouns
  • die for female nouns
  • das for neuter nouns

Which noun has which gender?

The rule is:
There is no rule or only rules with many exceptions.

I want to give some examples to show that there is no logic about the gender in German. Let's have a look at the three words: man, woman and girl.

That means the grammatical gender in German often has nothing to do with the biological gender.

A second example is the word ocean in German. We've got three different words to describe it:

That's why we always learn the article together with the noun. See the article as part of the noun and not as an extra word.
Nevertheless, I'd like to give you some rules which might help to remember which is the correct gender.

DER - male nouns

1. all days, months and seasons are male

2. occupations and nationalities when you referring to a male person are male

3. names of cars and trains are male

4. male people are usually grammatically male

5. most mountains and lakes are male

6. most nouns ending with -ich, -ig, -ling are male

7. most nouns ending with -el,-en, -er are male

DIE - female nouns

1. all nouns ending with -heit, -keit, -schaft, -tät, -ung are female

2. all nouns ending with -ik, -ade, -age, -enz, -ette, -ine, -ion, -ur are female

3. all cardinal numbers are female

4. female people are usually grammatically female

5. most flowers and trees are female

6. most nouns ending with -ei, -ie, -ive, itis, isse are female

7. most nouns ending with -e are female

DAS - neuter nouns

1. all nouns ending with -lein, -chen are neuter

2. all names of hotels, cafés and theaters are neuter

3. all colors are neuter

4. all gerunds (verbs which become nouns) are neuter

5. many cities and countries are neuter

6. most nouns ending with -tum, -ment, -um, -ium, -nis are neuter

7. most nouns starting with "Ge" and ending with "e" are neuter



gender excercise


tom homework




summary - documents for your folder

Geschlecht der Substantive (theory, 4 pages)